演講與論壇

前瞻醫療器材科技專題演講 

 

演講者:羅錦發教授 (Professor Kin Huat Low, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)
演講時間:2012年5月16日(星期三)  AM10:10~11:00
演講地點:成大醫院門診大樓四樓400會議室 
演講題目:Robot-Assisted Gait Rehabilitation: From Exoskeletons to Gait Systems
主辦單位:成大前瞻醫療器材科技中心、成大醫院創新醫療科技中心 
演講內容摘要及演講者簡歷:

Robot-Assisted Gait Rehabilitation: From Exoskeletons to Gait Systems

by

K. H. Low
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Nanyang Technological University (NTU)
Singapore 639798, Singapore

Abstract

Over the decades, robotics is undergoing a major transformation in scope and dimension. From a largely dominant industrial focus, robotics is rapidly expanding into human environments and vigorously engaged in its new challenges. Interacting, assisting, serving, and exploring with humans, the emerging robots will increasingly touch mankind and impact on their lives.

One of the recent developments in robotics research is concerned with the design of robots for the mechanization of physical therapy, referred to as robotic rehabilitation. These robots replace the physical training efforts of a therapist, which in many cases proved to be laborious and repetitive. Thus, in the general clinical setting of these robotic systems, a therapist shall still be responsible for the non-physical interaction and observation of the patient by maintaining a supervisory role of the training, while the robot carries out the actual physical interaction with the patient.

From a robotic perspective, wearable robots are mechatronic systems worn by a subject in such a way that the physical interface permits a direct transfer of mechanical power and exchange of information. A wearable robot is designed to match the shape and functions of the human body. Initially, the primary applications of these robotic mechanisms were tele-operation and power amplification. Recent years, the works on exoskeletons have been extended and applied to rehabilitation and assistive devices for the disabled or the elderly people.  One important and specific feature of wearable robotics is the intrinsic interactions between human and robot.

Robotic systems for assistance and rehabilitation focus on providing missing movements and sensing, providing a safer environment that make regaining movement-related function easier and faster. Finally, robotic rehabilitation not only provides consistent and efficient therapy without exhaustion, it also has the potential to enhance the therapy beyond the abilities of the practitioner.

The talk begins with a summary and description of some of the most widely known exoskeleton and assistive gait systems developed by various research institutions.  The research experience of transferring the works on exoskeletons to the assistive gait device is briefly mentioned, before the presentation of the gait systems developed by the NTU team in collaboration with a local hospital. Clinical-based design considerations and the results of the system trials will be presented.  Issues and challenges of the subject-centric gait system towards clinical set-up and implementation in future will also be discussed.  
Brief Biography of the Speaker

K. H. Low (Kin-Huat Low) is currently a professor with the School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering in the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. He obtained his BSc degree from the National Cheng Kung University in Taiwan, his MSc and PhD degrees in Mechanical Engineering both from the University of Waterloo, Canada. After spending two years as a Post-doctoral Fellow at the University of Waterloo, he joined the School of Mechanical and Production Engineering of the Nanyang Technological Institute (currently the School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering of the Nanyang Technological University). His teaching and research interests include robotics, vibrations, impacts, machines, mechanisms, exoskeleton systems and mechatronics design. He is an author or co-author of about 250 journal and conference papers in the areas of biomimetics, robotics, rehabilitation, impacts, machine and mechanisms design, power transmission systems, structural dynamics and vibrations.  His works on biomimetics and exoskeleton have won the best paper awards/finalists in several IEEE international conferences. 

Kin Huat is an Associate Editor of several journals, including the IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, Mechanism and Machine Theory, Journal of Robotics and Mechatronics,and the Journal of Bionic Engineering. He is also the Guest Editor of several special issues on bio-inspired systems and robotics rehabilitation. He is also the chairman (or co-chairman) of several IEEE RAS Technical Committees, including the committee on bio-robotics. He has initiated and organized several workshops and symposiums on bio-inspired robotics.  He has been involved in the program committees of various international conferences in relevant fields.  In recent years, Kin Huat is actively involved in international collaborations. He has collaborated with professors at various universities through research projects and visits. These universities include Harvard University and CMU (USA), Imperial College (UK), University of Waterloo and McGill University (Canada), Osaka University (Japan), USTC and SJTU (China), National Taiwan University and National Cheng Kung University (Taiwan).

For the local professional services, Kin Huat is currently an independent Consultant to the Singapore’s National Health Group (NHG) Domain-Specific Review Board (DSRB) and a research mentor of the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore.  He is also the external examiner of the Diploma in Mechatronics and Robotics (DMRO) Course in the, School of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering (MAE), Singapore Polytechnic, Singapore.